Hamilton Halton Construction Association   Ontario Architecture  
Mohawk College Building and Construction
home Contact Building Styles Building Terms About This Site


An urban center that has a massive stone enclosing wall to protect the inhabitants from attackers. Fortresses were known in the Mycean civilization (2000 BCE), all through the middle ages (see Verban), and became obsolete with advancements in canon technology.

Meknes - Morocco (12th c.)
Ussé - France - (15th c.)
Marakesh - Morocco (12th c.)
L'Aquila - Italy (12th c.)
Istanbul - Turkey (15th c.)
Tarquinia - Italy (13th c.)
Château d'Amboise - France (1500)
London - England (12th c.)